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面对心脏骤停 如何把握黄金5分钟

2020-07-29 19:30  BENWENLAIYUAN:ZHONGGUOXIAOFEIZHEBAO ZUOZHE:SUNYANMING

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  中国消费者报报道(记者孙燕明标普500) 近日,在北京市西城区月坛南街的一家饭馆门前,一名60多岁男子突发心肌梗死,周围有20多人,但没有人采用心肺复苏的方法施救,大家都想救人,但不知道怎样救人。有人立即拨打120急救电话,待急救人员赶到时,这名患者早已死亡。

标普500   SHOUDOUYIKEDAXUEXUANWUYIYUANJIZHENKEZHURENYISHI、FUJIAOSHOU、SHUOSHIYANJIUSHENGDAOSHILILIZHUOZAIJIESHOU《ZHONGGUOXIAOFEIZHEBAO》JIZHECAIFANGSHIBIAOSHI,YOURENTUFAXINGENGHOU,BIXUYIKAOSHENBIANDEREN,TEBIESHIDIYIMUJIZHEZHENGJIUSHENGMING。HUANZHEXINZANGZHOUTING5FENZHONGYINEISHIQIANGJIUDEHUANGJINSHIJIAN,CHAOGUOZHEIGESHIJIANJIUZHICHENGGONGLVHENDI,JISHIJIANGHUANZHEJIUHUODADUOSHUYEHUICHENGWEIZHIWUREN。JISHIJISHAOSHUHUANZHEMEIYOUCHENGWEIZHIWUREN,YEHUICHUXIANNAOZUZHIDEYANZHONGSUNSHANG。RANERYOUYURENMENPUBIANQUEFAJIJIUZHISHIHEJINENG,YUDAOYOURENTUFAXINGENGSHIWANGWANGSHUSHOUWUCE。

  黄金抢救时间仅有5分钟

  “JUEDADUOSHUXINGENGHUANZHEFABINGQIANHUIYOUXIANZHAO。”LILIZHUOBIAOSHI。

  XINGENGHUANZHEJIWANGYIBANHUICHUXIANXINJIAOTONG,HENDUORENTENGTONGYIHUIERJIUGUOQULE,RUGUOTENGTONGCHENGDUYUELAIYUEYANZHONG、PINLVYUELAIYUEGAO,YOUFAYINSUYEBUMINGXIAN,FUYONGXIAOSUANGANYOUXIAOGUOBUJIA,YINGJISHIDAOYIYUANZUOXINDIANTUJIANCHA,HENKENENGSHIXINGENGDEQIANZHAO。

  TAJINYIBUFENXISHUO,YOUXIERENCHUXIANXIONGTONGJIUHUAIYIZIJIHUANLEXINGENG,QISHIXIONGTONGBUYIDINGDOUSHIXINGENGFAZUO。XIONGTONGDEYUANYINYOUHENDUO,BIRUKESOUYEHUIDAOZHIXIONGTONG。RUGUOHUANZHECHUXIANTUFAXING、YAZHAYANGXINQIANQUTENGTONG,CHIXU15FENZHONGYISHANGBUHUANJIE,BANYOUMIANSECANGBAI、MAOLENGHAN、EXIN、BIEMENGANHUOBINSIGANDENGZHENGZHUANG,JIUYINGPANDUANSHIXINGENGFAZUO,BIXUJISHIBODA120JIJIUDIANHUA。

  XINGENGHUANZHEYIBANDOUHUANYOUGUANZHUANGDONGMAIZHOUYANGYINGHUA,YOUYUZHIFANG、XUESHUAN、JIEDIZUZHIHETANSUANGAIZAIXUEGUANZHONGCHENJI,SHIDONGMAIGUANBIZENGHOUBIANYING,DAOZHIXUEGUANXIAZHAI、ZUSAI,RANHOUXUEYEGONGYINGBUZU,ZUIZHONGZAOCHENGXINJIQUEXUE。

  RUGUOSHENBIANYOURENTUFAXINGENG,ZAI120JIJIUYIHURENYUANDAODAZHIQIANYINGGAICAIQUNAXIEJIJIUCUOSHI?LILIZHUOBIAOSHI,SHOUXIANYAOBAOZHENGHUANZHEXINZANGBUZAISHOUDAOSUNHAI,ZHEISHIJIANYIHUANZHEBUYAODONG,BINGBAOCHIZHOUWEIHUANJINGANJING,ANFUHUANZHEDEQINGXU,YINWEIHUANZHEFASHENGXINGENGSHIHUICHANSHENGYANZHONGDEKONGJUGAN。ZAIYOUTIAOJIANDEQINGKUANGXIA,YAORANGHUANZHEJISHIXIYANG,SHIXUEYANGDENONGDUZENGGAO,DUIXINZANGDEGONGYANGZENGJIA。RUGUOSHOUTOUYOUZHITONGHUOZHEKUOZHANGGUANZHUANGDONGMAIYAOWU,RUXIAOSUANGANYOU、XIAOSHUANTONG、SHEXIANGBAOXINWANDENG,YINGJISHIJIHUANZHEFUYONG,HUANJIEXINZANGGUANZHUANGDONGMAIXUEGUANJINGLUAN,YANMIGUANCHABINGRENDEXINLV、XUEYA、YISHIZHUANGTAIBIANHUAYIJIQITAZHENGZHUANG,WEIDAODADEYIWURENYUANTIGONGXIANGGUAN股票配资 。

标普500   RUGUOHUANZHECHUXIANYISHISANGSHI、HUXIHEXINTIAOTINGZHI,BIXULIJIJINXINGXINFEIFUSU。SHIJIUZHEYAOYONGSHUANGSHOUPAIDAHUANZHEJIANBU,LIANGCEDOUYAOPAIDA,TONGSHIDASHENGHUHUAN,RANHOUYONGSHOUMOZHEHUANZHEDEHOUJIEMANMANWANGXIAYA,RUOHAIYOUXUEYA,HUIGANDAOJINGDONGMAIBODONG。

  RUHEPANDUANHUANZHESHIFOUXINZANGZHOUTINGNI?LILIZHUOBIAOSHI,JIUZHUZHEYINGZUNXUNYIKAN、ERTING、SANGANJUEDEYUANZE,YONGYANJINGGUANCHAHUANZHEDEXIONGBUHUOZHESHANGFUBUYOUWUSHANGXIAQIFU,ZHENGCHANGRENHUIYOUXIONGSHIHUXIHEFUSHIHUXI;JIANGERDUOTIEZAIHUANZHELIANJIASHANGTINGKOUBIHUXIDESHENGYIN;JIANGLIANJIATIEJINHUANZHEKOUBICHUGANJUESHIFOUYOUHUXIDEQILIU。

  HUANZHEXINZANGZHOUTING3MIAOZHONGSHIGANJUEYOUDIANERTOUYUN,10MIAOHOUHUICHUXIANYUNJUE,40MIAOZUOYOUJIUHUIFASHENGJINGJUE,45MIAOHOUTONGKONGJIUHUIFANGDA,YIFENZHONGHOUYANSUIHUISHOUDAOYIZHI、HUXIYAOTINGZHI,4ZHI6FENZHONGHOUNAOXIBAOHUIFASHENGBUKENIXINGSUNSHANG。“HUANZHEFASHENGXINZANGZHOUTING10FENZHONGNEIBIXUJINXINGXINFEIFUSU,HUANGJINJIUZHISHIJIANZHIYOU5FENZHONG。MEIYANWUYIFENZHONG,JIUZHICHENGGONGLVJIUHUIJIANGDI10%。”LILIZHUOQIANGDIAO,SHIJIUZHEDUIXINZANGZHOUTINGHUANZHEZUOXINFEIFUSU,ZAIYIFENZHONGNEICHENGGONGLVDAYU90%,4FENZHONGYINEICHENGGONGLVYUEZHAN60%,6FENZHONGYINEICHENGGONGLVYUEZHAN40%,8FENZHONGSHICHENGGONGLVJINZHAN20%ZUOYOU,DAO10FENZHONGCHENGGONGLVJIBENWEILING。

  SHIJIUZHEJIHUANZHEZUOXINFEIFUSUSHI,SHOUXIANYAOQUEBAOZHOUWEIHUANJINGANQUAN,ZAIFASHENGNISHILIUDENGWEIXIANDEDIFANGBUNENGZUOXINFEIFUSU。YAOJIANGHUANZHEYANGWOPINGFANGZAIYINGZHIPINGMIANSHANG,BINGHUHANZHOUWEIDERENGONGTONGJIUZHU。TONGSHI,YAOYIZUIKUAIDESUDUBODA120JINJIQIUJIU。

  TONGCHANGZUO5GEXUNHUANDEXINFEIFUSUHOU,YAOJIANCHAJINGDONGMAIMAIBOSHIFOUTIAODONG,TONGSHIHAIYAOGUANCHAHUXIZHUANGTAI,SUOYONGSHIJIANBUYINGCHAOGUO10MIAO。RUGUOYOUDONGMAIBODONG,SHUOMINGXINZANGHUIFUTIAODONG,DANHAIMEIYOUHUXISHI,KEYIZHIZUORENGONGHUXI。

  配置“救命神器”   完善公共急救体系

  SHOUDOUYIKEDAXUEFUSHUFUXINGYIYUANZHURENYISHIFANGLIBOZAIJIESHOU《ZHONGGUOXIAOFEIZHEBAO》JIZHECAIFANGSHIBIAOSHI,MUQIAN,WOGUODUIXINZANGZHOUTINGHUANZHEQIANGJIUCHENGGONGLVBUZU1%,WOGUOJIJIUPUJILVJIDAITIGAO。

  TATEBIEQIANGDIAO,DUIXINZANGZHOUTINGHUANZHEDEJIJIUZHUYAOYOULIANGZHONGFANGFA:YIZHONGSHIXINFEIFUSU,YIZHONGSHISHIYONGAED(ZIDONGTIWAICHUZHANQI)CHUZHAN。AEDBEIYUWEI“JIUMINGSHENQI”,SHIQIJINSHIJIEGONGRENDEJIUZHIXINYUANXINGCUSIDEYOUXIAOFANGFA,QIANGJIUCHENGGONGLVJIEJIN40%。

标普500   JUJIZHELEJIE,AEDNENGGOUZIDONGSHIBIEYICHANGXINLVBINGJIYUDIANJICHUZHAN,QIANGJIUXINTIAOZHOUTINGHUANZHEDECHENGGONGLVYUANGAOYUTUSHOUXINFEIFUSU。YINQICAOZUOJIANDANQIENEIZHIYUYINTISHI,BIANYUFEIZHUANYERENYUANSHIYONG。

  WOGUOAEDDEPEIZHIYUSHIYONGSHANGCHUYUQIBUJIEDUAN,BEIJING、SHANGHAI、HANGZHOU、DALIAN、HAIKOUDENGCHENGSHIZHENGZHUBUZAIRENYUANMIJIDEGONGGONGCHANGSUOPEIZHIAEDSHEBEI。ZHONGGUOHONGSHIZIZONGHUITONGGUOCISHANJUANZENGXINGSHIZAIBUFENCHENGSHIPEIZHIAEDSHEBEI,HAINAN、SHENZHEN、HANGZHOU、ZHANGSHADENGDIXIANGJICHUTAILEAEDPEIZHISHIYONGDEXIANGGUANFAGUI。

  2015NIAN,SHANGHAISHIHONGSHIZIHUIXITONGQIDONGSHEZHIAEDXIANGMUSHIDIAN。2018NIANCHU,SHANGHAIYIZAIJICHANG、TIYUCHANGDENGGONGGONGCHANGSUOSHEZHIAEDSHEBEI800YUTAI。MUQIAN,SHANGHAIZAIJICHANG、HUOCHEZHAN、DITIE、GONGJIAOSHUNIU、TIYUCHANGGUAN、SHANGYEZHONGXIN、XUEXIAODENGRENLIUMIJIDEGONGGONGCHANGSUOSHEZHIAEDJI1400YUTAI。

标普500   2017NIAN,SHENZHENSHIZHENGFUJIANG“GONGZHONGDIANCHUZHANJIHUA”NARUMINSHENGZHONGDIANGONGCHENG,YOUZHENGFUCAIZHENGCHUZI,YU“SHISANWU”QIJIANWANCHENG5000TAIAEDSHEBEIDECAIGOUYUANZHUANG,5—10NIANNEISHIXIANMEI10WANFUWURENKOUPEIBEI100TAIAEDSHEBEIDEMUBIAO。

标普500   ZENGSHEAED,PUJIJIUHUZHISHI,SHIJIANLICHENGSHIGONGGONGJIJIUTIXIDEZHONGYAOYIHUAN。

  JIZHECONGGUOJIAWEIJIANWEILEJIEDAO,JINNIANLAI,ZHONGGUOHONGSHIZIHUIZONGHUIJIANLILEJIUHUXUNLIANZHONGXIN,BINGZAI27GESHENGSHIQUHEJIN200GEDIJISHISHEYOUJIUHUPEIXUNJIGOU。QUANGUO31GESHENGJIHONGSHIZIHUIYUXINJIANGSHENGCHANJIANSHEBINGTUANHONGSHIZIHUIYEQUANBUKAIZHANJIUHUPEIXUNGONGZUO。QUANGUOPINGJUNMEINIANPEIXUNJIUHUYUANCHAOGUO300WANRENCI,PUJIJIUHUZHISHIDADAO1000WANRENCI。

  ZAOZAI2008NIAN,JIAOYUBUYINFA《ZHONGXIAOXUEJIANKANGJIAOYUZHIDAOGANGYAO》GUIDING,ZHONGXIAOXUEJIANKANGJIAOYUNEIRONGBAOKUOBODAQIUZHUDIANHUA、JIBENJIJIUZHISHINEIRONGDENG。

  2019NIAN7YUE,JIANKANGZHONGGUOXINGDONGTUIJINWEIYUANHUIFABU《JIANKANGZHONGGUOXINGDONG(2019—2030NIAN)》MINGQUEYAOQIU,WANSHANGONGGONGCHANGSUOJIJIUSHESHISHEBEIPEIBEIBIAOZHUN,ZAIXUEXIAO、JIGUAN、QISHIYEDANWEIHEJICHANG、CHEZHAN、GANGKOUKEYUNZHAN、DAXINGSHANGCHANG、DIANYINGYUANDENGRENYUANMIJICHANGSUOPEIBEIJIJIUYAOPIN、QICAIHESHESHI,PEIBEIZIDONGTIWAICHUZHANQI。

  自愿紧急施救行为受法律保护

标普500   YOUXIERENKANDAOSHENBIANRENFASHENGXINGENG,DANXINZIJIMEIYOUJIURENJINGYAN,JIJIUJISHUSHENGSHU,BUJINJIUBULEREN,HAIKENENGCHENGDANMOUXIEXINGENGHUANZHEJIQIJIASHUEZHADEFENGXIAN,YINCIBUGANJIUREN。

  RUGUOCHUXIANJIURENMEIJIUHUO,HUOZHEZAOCHENGSHANGHAISHIGU,SHIJIUZHECHENGDANNAXIEFALVZEREN?LILIZHUOQIANGDIAO,ZHEIZHONGDANXINWANQUANMEIYOUBIYAO,GONGZHONGDEZIYUANJINJISHIJIUXINGWEISHOUFALVBAOHU。《MINFADIAN》DIYIBIANDIBAZHANGDIYIBAIBASHISITIAOGUIDING,YINZIYUANSHISHIJINJIJIUZHUXINGWEIZAOCHENGSHOUZHURENSUNHAIDE,JIUZHURENBUCHENGDANMINSHIZEREN。“ZHEITIAOSHANYIJIUZHUZHEZERENHUOMIANTIAOKUAN,GULISHANYIJIUZHUZHEDEGAOSHANGXINGWEI。”LILIZHUOBIAOSHI,DANGSHENBIANRENTUFAYIWAISHI,RENHERENDOUYINGPAOQIYIQIEDANXINYUZANIANQUANLIYIFUJIUZHUHUANZHE,ZHEITIAOFALVJIYUSHIJIUZHEFEICHANGMINGQUEDEFALVBAOZHANG。

  医生提示
     
标普500        徒手心肺复苏怎么做

标普500   SHIJIUZHEJIXINGENGHUANZHEZUOXINFEIFUSUQIANBIXUXIANDAKAIQIDAO。CHANGYONGSANZHONGFANGFA:YISHIYANGTOUJUHEFA,SHIJIUZHEYONGSHOUJIANGHUANZHEQIANEXIAYA,SHITOUBUHOUYANG,LINGYIZHISHOUDESHIZHIYUZHONGZHIKAOJINHEBUDEXIAHEGUXIAFANG,JIANGHEBUXIANGQIANTAIQI,BANGZHUTOUBUHOUYANG,QIDAOKAIFANG;ERSHIYANGTOUTAIJINGFA,RANGHUANZHEYANGWO,SHIJIUZHEYISHOUTAIQIBINGRENJINGBU,LINGYIZHISHOUCEYAHUANZHEQIANE,SHIQITOUBUHOUYANG,QIDAOKAIFANG;SANSHISHUANGSHOUTAIHEFA,RANGHUANZHEPINGWO,SHIJIUZHEYONGSHUANGSHOUCONGLIANGCEZHUAJINBINGRENDEXIAHE,BINGTUOQISHIQITOUBUHOUYANG,XIAHEGUQIANYI,JIKEYIDAKAIQIDAO。

  首都医科大学宣武医院急诊科主任医师、副教授、硕士研究生导师李力卓强调,施救者做心肺复苏时,要将双手放在患者胸骨下部,相当于两个乳头连线的中间。按压的方式是一手叠放于另外一只手的手背上,十指呈交叉状态,整个上肢以及上半身全部以髋关节为轴进行运动,双臂垂直按压,频率为每分钟124次,深度为6厘米。按压时手不要离开患者胸部,因为手离开患者胸部会使肋骨骨折发生率增高,手掌与患者的胸部融为一体。每做30次按压后,施救者要做两次人工呼吸,口对口吹两次气。 (孙燕明)

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